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Mandating or

Increased emphasis on test scores has a direct correlation on schools increasing student time in the classroom.The No Child Left Behind, or NCLB, Act of 2002, which reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, for example, put pressure on school administrators to improve their standardized test scores each year.

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The second brief in this series will discuss the different arguments regarding how recess and physical educa- tion should be structured.But state leaders increasingly The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines recess as “regularly scheduled period in the school day for physical activity and play that is monitored by trained staff or volunteers.” The American Academy of Pediatrics finds recess not only offers physical benefits but cognitive, social and emotional benefits as well.It gives students the time to play, imagine, think and socialize in ways otherwise not attainable in a classroom.either mandating or encouraging physical education, or PE, or recess.A proposal by Nevada’s freshman Democratic senator, Catherine Cortez Masto, could mimic efforts in corporate America.Large companies across the country, particularly those in Silicon Valley, have been under intense pressure to hire more minorities.Various income security programs, such as SNAP, unemployment compensation, and earned income and child tax credits, accounted for an additional 18 percent of mandatory spending.

According to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), annual mandatory spending will increase from $2.2 trillion in 2014 to $3.6 trillion by 2023.

Melissa Myers, senior associate director of policy development at American Hospital Association said this was a bad idea since providers are still learning how to work within ACOs in the program's third year of existence.“We need to be further along before casting doom on the model itself,” Myers said.

Carilion Clinic in Virginia has participated in an ACO since 2013 and didn't begin to achieve savings until 2015.

“This is obviously the outgrowth and natural conclusion of what’s going been on for a long time outside Capitol Hill,” said Professor John Eastman of Chapman University.

“This is exactly what the 1964 Civil Rights Act said we cannot do, but we know that this is the way the law has nevertheless been applied throughout the rest of the country.

In the United States, mandatory spending refers to budget authority and ensuing outlays provided in laws other than appropriations acts, including annually appropriated entitlements.